Many of the traditional ‘look back’ reviews that will no doubt take place at the end of this year will mention that 2014 was the year that the internet celebrated its silver anniversary.
It is 25th years since a young British computer scientist called Tim Berners-Lee submitted his idea for allowing scientists to share information between educational faculties across the world to his manager at Cern.
What his boss described as a “vague, but interesting” idea started a revolution in learning which continues today. It has changed the way we teach, the way we learn and how we all access information and communicate with each other.
Before the World Wide Web entered the classroom we learned by rote from a teacher who wrote things on the blackboard with white chalk – the traditional ‘talk and chalk’ approach. If we wanted to source or research information, we either made notes, referred to our text books or visited a library . This doesn’t compute for the school child of today. Today’s students are better connected, have millions of sources for reference and more globally aware than ever. It’s quite incredible how much knowledge can be accessed at the click of mouse or the swipe of a screen.
It was Thomas Jefferson who stated “All that is necessary for a student is access to a Library” and whilst this is obviously over simplistic it does highlight the fundamental fact that having access to global databases of information is key to the education of an open society.
The internet offers us the biggest single opportunity, since the founding of the Library of Alexandria in 288 BC when papyrus replaced tablet, to advance the publication of all of man’s knowledge across the globe for the benefit of all.
Educational scientist Sugata Mitra, winner of the 2013 TED Prize, recognised the transformational power that the web could bring to education early on. He has inspired children here in the UK and in countries like India, South Africa and Mexico to self-learn by providing loosely supervised access to the web. He is building ‘schools in the Cloud’ using technology and internet access to allow children to explore and learn from one another rather than having to attend static and formulaic lessons in a classroom.
Millions of learners young and old can sign up for free online courses from the likes of Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Harvard University, and now these Massive open online courses or Moocs are coming to the UK with the launch of web sites like FutureLearn.
And games are now considered a way to open up learning to the young. Minecraft is being used by teachers to encourage the youngest children to learn about strategies. As one teacher in New York puts it, “You know you’re on to something when a kid chooses to stay in school after the bell rings!”
Here in the UK there are a myriad of publishers exploring the opportunities that online games offer to teachers and how they can incorporate them into their timetable. Almost one million children are now being taught using Zondle software which allows teachers to create and share educational content within online games to meet the specific learning needs of their students.
And not only is the use of technology expanding our children’s learning experience but it is also equipping them with the skills that virtually every employer will demand over the coming years.
Girls and boys should be encouraged to code in the classroom long before they get to university, just as they should be encouraged to learn about how to run a business. The technology industry is working with educational institutions to close the skills gap that currently exists and leaves us looking at a potential shortfall of candidates by demonstrating the sorts of jobs we offer and encouraging more girls to get involved.
The digital sector is one of the fastest growing parts of the UK economy and offers huge opportunities to those who are willing to embrace it. We want and need our young people to ‘create’ technology rather than simply ‘consume’ it.
“This is for everyone,” were the words that Sir Tim Berners-Lee typed on the computer screen during the opening ceremony of the London 2012 Olympics. He was right. It is for everyone and we must ensure that every child can take advantage of the opportunities it can bring.
25 years on, there are many of us that simply cannot image life without the internet, but we must not fall into the trap of assuming that everyone else must be as busy browsing, tweeting, researching and emailing as ourselves. We couldn’t be more wrong.
Government statistics reveal that about 28% of Scotland’s population still does not have access to the Internet at home and roughly a quarter of the adult population has never accessed the internet at all.
Let’s not deny future generations one of the greatest gifts that we can bestow: opportunity. We can’t ever hope to be a truly aspirational society if we continue to deny people the chance to further themselves based upon their ability to pay their way or their physical location.
Tim Berners-Lee could have made himself billions and billions of pounds had he chosen to commercialise the web. He didn’t, he chose to give it to the world for free. We owe it to this man to deliver his original vision – we must provide ‘Everyone’ with equal access.